Pelvic Inflammatory Disease commonly known as PID is a disease caused due to the infection of the female reproductive organs. To understand the condition better, we need to understand the anatomy of the female reproductive system. The pelvis is in the lower abdomen and consists of several organs such as the fallopian tubes, the cervix, the ovaries and the uterus.
PID usually occurs as a complication of sexually transmitted diseases (STD). When bacteria causing sexually transmitted diseases spread to the pelvic area it results in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. PID can cause irreversible damage to the fallopian tubes, the cervix, the ovaries and the uterus. Several bacteria can cause PID, but in most cases the disease is caused due to the same bacteria which are responsible for gonorrhoea and chlamydia.
Most of the factors which increase the risk of PID are related to lifestyle
Risk factors related to lifestyle:
Other factors include:
Some women may not experience any symptoms at all, while some may experience the following symptoms
Symptoms based on reproductive system
Other symptoms which may lead to pain include :
Most of the cases of PID are caused by Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea. When the bacteria causing these diseases enter the pelvic area. The cervix (mouth of the uterus) generally stops bacteria that cause these diseases, from entering pelvic area. But when the cervix is exposed to bacteria, its ability to prevent bacteria from spreading beyond the cervix also diminishes. Therefore, Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea when left untreated can result in PID.
Although 90% of the cases of PID occur due to Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea, there are some other causes:
Based on the symptoms the doctor may ascertain PID with the help of an ultrasound, endometrial biopsy or laparoscopy:
Treatment of PID depends on the severity of the case. Based on the severity of the case the doctor recommend intake of antibiotics or surgery.